The effects of a spinal injury and how to claim compensation

Spinal cord injuries can have a devastating effect on the lives of the people and families involved. There are two types of spinal cord injury - complete and incomplete, and the exact effects of spinal cord injury depend on the type and level of the injury within the spinal cord itself.

Complete spinal cord injury
A complete spinal cord injury results when the point of injury has totally cut the passage of signals between the brain and the body. There is no function below the level of the injury - no sensation and no voluntary movement. Function to both sides of the body are equally affected by this type of spinal injury.

Incomplete spinal cord injury
A person with an incomplete injury may have movement in one limb more than another. They may also be able to feel parts of the body that cannot actually be moved. Functioning on one side of the body may be more than on the other. With continuing advances in acute treatment, incomplete injuries are the more common outcome of a spinal injury.

The spinal cord lies within rings of bones called vertebrae, which together make up the spinal column or back bone. The level of the injury can help predict which parts of the body might be affected by paralysis and loss of function (in incomplete injuries there will be some variation in the prognosis.)

Generally the higher up the spinal column an injury occurs, the more dysfunction a person will experience.

The Cervical Vertebrae (C1 to C7)
Made up of seven vertebrae in the neck - Injury in this region usually causes loss of function to the arms and legs (quadriplegia).

The Thoracic Vertebrae
Made up of twelve vertebrae, the highest (T1) is where the top rib attaches - Injury to the thoracic region affects the chest and the legs.

The Lumbar Vertebrae and the Sacral Vertebrae
Each made up of five vertebrae, the Lumbar Vertebrae lies between the thoracic vertebrae and the pelvis, whilst the Sacral Vertebrae run from the pelvis to the end of the spinal column.

Injury to the lumbar and sacral vertebrae generally result in loss of functioning in the hips and legs.

Loss of function in the chest, hips and legs is Paraplegia.

How we can help you following a spinal injury
If you have suffered a spinal injury in a car accident, heavy fall or sporting accident, we can help you make a claim for compensation. In addition to financial recompense we can arrange treatment and rehabilitation and a whole range of other services to support you following a spinal injury. See Spinal Injury compensation for more information...

Our no-risk, no win no fee service
Our service is provided without cost or any financial risk to you. Win or lose you are protected from costs at all times. You will receive 100% of your compensation, without any deductions. See no-risk, no win no fee for more information...

Call for free legal advice, 24 hours a day
If you would like more information about making a claim for spinal injury compensation, or want to talk to a solicitor about the possibility of making a claim, please call us on 0800 78 38 846.

More information about spinal cord injury



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*Where replacement vehicle costs can be recovered from the insurance company of the person who caused the accident. Where this person is untraceable or uninsured, or where there is a dispute over liability, a replacement vehicle cannot be provided.